According to the arrangement, the division of buildings, especially buildings is divided into 2 namely:
A. Building down
The part of the building which is located under the floor: foundation
Bottom building serves to hold all the weight of the building above it, then forward it to the ground.
Building underneath must be strong, not easy to move and stable.
For simple buildings (1 floor), the depth of the foundation must be more than 80 cm, with the aim to reach the depth of the hard soil, and so that the temperature is stable.
As for buildings with more than 1 floor, foundation planning must be calculated with foundation knowledge.
B. Upper building
The part of the building which is located on the floor: walls, columns, doors, windows, ring balk, roof
Hopefully the basic science of building parts above can be useful.
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